When the tissues that support the pelvic organs are stretched, the organs they support may drop down or press into the pelvic floor. Ideally, muscles, fascia, and ligaments support the pelvic floor. When support is lost due to pregnancy, aging, surgery, or trauma, there may be a sense of pressure or heaviness in the pelvic floor.
Common prolapses are:
- Cystocele: the bladder drops in the front vaginal wall
- Rectocele: the rectum bulges into the back vaginal wall
- Urethral prolapse: protrusion of the distal urethra
- Uterine prolapse: the uterus moves out of its high position to a low position
- Enterocele: the small intestine after a hysterectomy drops in the vaginal canal.
In physical therapy, we evaluation the condition and use special exercises, biofeedback, and manual therapy techniques to release tensions and gain support.